Taking a bottom-up perspective, this book explores local framings of a wide range of issues related to benefit-sharing, a growing concept in global environmental governance.
Benefit-sharing in Environmental Governance draws on original case studies from South Africa, Namibia, Greece, Argentina, and Malaysia to shed light on what benefit-sharing looks like from the local viewpoint. These local-level case studies move away from the idea of benefit-sharing as defined by a single international organization or treaty. Rather, they reflect different situations where benefit-sharing has been considered, including agriculture, access to land and plants, wildlife management, and extractives industries. Common themes in the experiences of local communities form the basis for an exploration of spaces for local voices at the international level in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), often argued to be the most open arena to non-state actors, and therefore vital to how local voices may be included at the global level. The book analyzes the decisions of the CBD parties to produce an in-depth reflection on how this arena builds and delimits spaces for the expression of local community themes, and paths for local community participation including community protocols. The book then situates the bottom-up findings in the wider debate about global civil society and deliberative democracy in environmental governance.
This interdisciplinary book will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental politics, environmental law, political ecology and global governance, as well as practitioners and policymakers involved in multilateral environmental agreements.
Table of Contents
1. Studying benefit-sharing from the bottom up
2. Five views of benefit-sharing from the local level
3. Common themes in the five local experiences of benefit-sharing
4. Local voices, international arenas – the case of the Convention on Biological Diversity
5. Local participation in international processes: views from above and below
6. Involving local communities in international decisions: towards democratic global environmental governance
Louisa Parks is Associate Professor of Political Sociology at the School of International Studies and the Department of Sociology and Social Research, Università degli studi di Trento, Italy. She was a research fellow for the BeneLex project on fair and equitable benefit-sharing in global environmental law, and has published work on community protocols and local voices in the Convention on Biological Diversity, as well as civil society, social movements, and the impacts of their campaigns.