Carbonaceous Materials and Future Energy : Clean and Renewable Energy Sources book cover
1st Edition

Carbonaceous Materials and Future Energy
Clean and Renewable Energy Sources

ISBN 9780815347880
Published November 27, 2019 by CRC Press
174 Pages - 65 Color Illustrations

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Book Description

Carbonaceous Materials and Future Energy: Clean and Renewable Energy Sources provides a systematic analysis of the emerging renewable energy alternatives to fossil fuel and their impact on the current socio-economic premise, with carbonaceous chemistry at their base. The present-day fossil fuel–dependent energy scenario is obsolete, rapidly decaying with resource constraints and sparking climate change risks like global warming; therefore, a technological revolution is needed in terms of global energy sustainability. This book is a humble attempt to recognise various contemporary as well as transpiring alternative state-of-the-art energy technologies, and the immense potential carbon materials have in changing the future face of energy. Carbon is the most earth-abundant material with an awe-inspiring range of allotropes that render wonderful properties such as tunable morphology, electrical conductivity, impressive surface area, etc., when explored in the nanoscale. Therefore, carbon has the ability to replace expensive and corrosive metals as electrodes in various existing energy technologies, especially in storage, conversion and harvesting. Carbon-based composite materials offer extensive mechanical strength, although they are super lightweight and can be placed in portable devices, yet perform for longer times with the added benefit of recyclability.

This book features discussions on the ecological impacts of the existing fossil fuel–based energy technologies along with various global energy prediction indicators that dictate the integrated risk, the multi-scale changes as well as the need for sustainable alternatives. It also highlights various state-of-the-art renewable energy techniques, including solar photovoltaics, wind, geothermal, and biowaste-based energy. Most importantly, recognition is given to hybrid energy storage and conversion systems as today’s most important and sustainable source of power based on carbonaceous materials, especially their abundance, tunability, and recyclability. The author then focuses on the integration of available experimental information with future prospects for delivering real-world solutions to existing energy scarcity and helping to unravel sustainable routes with improved energy laws and policies.


  • Detailed discussion about the current worldwide energy crisis at the societal scale and the gradual growth of alternative sustainable energy options
  • Elucidation of the role of carbon in revolutionising nanoscience and its bright prospects in developing the future energy scenario with its abundance, eco-friendly nature as well as recyclability
  • Extensive discussion of various state-of-the-art energy systems including hybrid technologies and their stages of technological maturity, commercialisation, and future prospects.
  • Presentation of information in an accessible way for a broad audience; especially students, researchers, and scientists, working in the vast field of energy, looking for concise information about current and future energy solutions and exploring them with carbonaceous chemistry


This book gives an integrative overview about how the next-generation energy technology can be built upon the current and future prospects of carbonaceous chemistry. It includes extensive literature-survey analysis as well as detailed discussion of the commercialisation from the laboratory scale to realising the dream of decentralising grid-based electric supply with sustainable energy. Therefore, the book may serve as a prospective source for multi-disciplinary energy researchers searching for viable renewable energy solutions in terms of complex global sustainability, making it an essential guide and reference.

Table of Contents

About the Author. Preface. Acknowledgments. Dedication. Introduction. Clean and renewable energy sources: Global comparison. Different allotropes of carbon, their structures and properties. Synthesis and characterization of carbonaceous materials. Rechargeable Battery technology. Supercapacitor (30p). Solar cell. Fuel cell. Electrocatalysis and photocatalysis. Nanogenerator. Carbonaceous materials-based hybrid energy technologies. State-of the-art renewable energy technology. Future Perspective.

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Ramendra Sundar Dey ( 0000-0003-3297-1437) is a Scientist at Institute of Nano Science and Technology, Mohali, India. Prior, he was a Hans C. Ørsted postdoc fellow at Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark. He received B. Sc. Degree in Chemistry from Burdwan Raj College (Burdwan University) at 2005, M.Sc. degree in Chemistry from University of Burdwan, India at 2007 and Ph.D. in Chemistry at 2013 from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, India. Over past 10 years he is involved in research in the field of electroanalytical chemistry in nanotechnology. His current research is focused on the architecture and engineering of carbonaceous materials and their applications in advanced energy storage and conversion technology and sensing/biosensing devices. Dr. Dey has published more than 15 research publications in peer-reviewed international journals of repute, two book chapter and one patent filed. He has been honored with number of prestigious National and International awards, like PhD fellowship from UGC, India (2008-2013), several national awards from India, INSPIRE Faculty Fellowship from DST, India and the prestigious Hans Christian Ørsted postdoctoral fellowship (2013) from DTU, Denmark. Dr. Dey is also serving as a guest editor and Editorial advisory board member for few journals of international repute.

Taniya Purkait is currently doing her PhD in nanoscience and nanotechnology from Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), Mohali and CNSNT, Panjab University under the guidance of Dr. Ramendra Sundar Dey. She has completed her B.Sc. degree from Thakurpukur Vivekananda College (University of Calcutta) in 2012 and M.Sc. degree from Indian School of Mines (ISM), Dhanbad in 2014. For the past four years she has been involved in active research in the field of electroanalytical chemistry. Her current research interest includes synthesis and fabrication of various carbonaceous materials for different energy storage and conversion applications. She has published around 7 research papers in reputed peer-reviewed journals.

Navpreet Kamboj is currently doing her PhD in nanoscience and nanotechnology from Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), Mohali and IISER, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali under the guidance of Dr. Ramendra Sundar Dey. She has completed her B.Sc. degree from Govt. P. G. College (Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra) in 2010 and M.Sc. degree in physics from Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra in 2012. She has worked as teaching assistant in Govt. P. G College, Hisar from 2013-2015. She has received her M.Tech degree in Material Science from IIT Delhi, in 2017. She has been involved in active research in the broad field of energy devices. Her current research interest includes synthesis and fabrication of various carbonaceous-based hybrid storage and conversion devices in energy application.

Manisha Das is currently pursuing her PhD in nanoscience and nanotechnology from Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST), Mohali, India and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali, India. She has completed her B. Tech degree from Electronics and Communication Engineering in the year 2013 from Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences (SHUATS), Allahabad, India and  M.Tech in Material Science and Nanotechnology from National Institute of Technology (NIT), Kurukshetra, India in the year 2017. She has published three research papers in peer-reviewed journals. Her areas of interest are nanomaterials synthesis and electrocatalysis for energy generation and conversion.

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Author - Ramendra Sundar  Dey

Ramendra Sundar Dey

Dr., Institute of Nano Science and Technology
Mohali, Punjab, India

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