Since the late 1970s, China has experienced an unprecedented pace of urbanization. In 1978, only 17.8% of the population resided in urban areas, but by 2013 the level of urbanization had reached 53.8%. During the same period, China also enjoyed spectacular economic growth. China had become the second largest economy in the world by 2012, just behind the United States. Despite China’s highly acclaimed achievements in urbanization and its economic miracle, urban China confronts a set of significant challenges.
This book provides theoretically informed and empirically rich analyses of some of the key challenges facing China’s urbanization. The first part deals with new patterns of urbanization, focusing on comprehensive measures and environmental dimensions of urbanization. The second part of the book focuses on several aspects related to migrants in cities: migrant entrepreneurship, return migration, and local people’s attitudes toward migrants. The final section examines two key issues important for migrants, urban local residents, and policy-makers that have become quite contentious in China today: housing and urban health care.
This collection presents original, cutting-edge research on some of the most pressing challenges confronting contemporary urban China, conducted by researchers from multiple social science disciplines. It will appeal to scholars and advanced students of urban studies and China studies, as well as those in sociology, anthropology, geography, and political science.
Table of Contents
Part I: New Patterns of Urbanization and Challenges
1. The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Analysis of Comprehensive Urbanization Level in Fujian Province of China
2. . Reborn from the Ruins: Urbanization by State Plan
3. Municipal Solid Waste and Environmental Equity in China—A Case Study in South Anhui Province
4. Internal Migrants’ Self-Employment in China: Personal Capital and Market Payoffs
5. Rural Migrants’ Intention to Stay in Cities – A Case Study of the Pearl River Delta
6. Urban Residents’ Attitudes toward Migrant Workers: General Assessment and the Role of Social Participation
7. Out of Africa: New Patterns of Settlement for African Immigrants in China
Part III: Urban Housing and Health
8. Political Economy of State-led Urban Entrepreneurialism: the Case of Affordable Housing Regimes in China
9. Housing and Stratum Identification in Shanghai
10. A Crisis of Trust: A Case Study of Doctor-Patient Relationship in Guangzhou
11. Breast Cancer and Social Support: The Case of Women in Foshan, China
12. Mental Health Status of Migrant Workers in China: The Roles of Working Conditions, Residential Environment, and Victimization
Zai Liang is Professor of Sociology and co-director of Urban China Research Network at the University at Albany, USA.
Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology at the University at Albany, USA.
Youqin Huang is Associate Professor of Geography at the University at Albany, USA.
Cheng Chen is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University at Albany, USA.