The Chair on Ecodesign for buildings and infrastructures was created by ParisTech in partnership with VINCI with the aim of developing evaluation and simulation tools that integrate all ecodesign aspects (e.g. greenhouse gas emissions, impact on biodiversity, depletion of resources, etc.) and provide genuine decision-aid instruments, based on a scientific approach, to all those involved in the urban environment (i.e. designers, builders and users).
The present book takes stock of five years of research under the Chair. It starts by presenting some methodological bases of ecodesign, life cycle assessments, impact studies, and methods for planning and transport. Several specific subjects are then covered, i.e. public transport, parking, road traffic, the environmental profile of building materials, building retrofits, energy management, and biodiversity. The last part of the book sets out how the knowledge and tools developed under the Chair were applied to a case study: Cité Descartes in Marne la Vallée (Ile de France).
This work is aimed at urban planners, local authorities, contracting clients, architects, engineering firms, contractors, building managers, research lecturers, and anyone interested in the environmental quality of the places we live in.
Table of Contents
Foreword. Methodological Bases. Using Eco-Design Tools as a Cognitive Support for Creating the Urban Fabric. Life Cycle Assessment Applied to Neighbourhoods. Methods for Evaluating Environmental Impacts. Analysis and Proposals. The Planning of Territorial Facilities Taking an Ecodesign Approach: Principles and Methods for Land Use and Transportation. Practicing eco-design. Urban Economics and Passenger Transportation: Concentrate Flows, Design Lines. The Eco-Design of Parking Systems: Systemic Analysis and Simulation Tool. Eco-operation of road traffic. A model of passenger traffic in public transport, sensitive to capacity constraints. Environmental information module of construction materials Retrofitting buildings. Energy efficient building control strategies. Ecodesign in practice: How does urban biodiversity fit in? Application to a case study, Cité Descartes. Extended Cité Descartes: a territory to ecodesign. Territory and transport in a metropolitan context. Activities, Accessibility and Mobility at neighbourhood scale. Comparison of urban morphologies using life cycle assessment. Study of Cité Descartes: Application of tools to consider biodiversity for urban developments. Annexes. Conclusions and perspectives. Epilogue: the corporate point of view.