Science and Digital Technology for Cultural Heritage - Interdisciplinary Approach to Diagnosis, Vulnerability, Risk Assessment and Graphic Information Models : Proceedings of the 4th International Congress Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage (TechnoHeritage 2019), March 26-30, 2019, Sevilla, Spain book cover
1st Edition

Science and Digital Technology for Cultural Heritage - Interdisciplinary Approach to Diagnosis, Vulnerability, Risk Assessment and Graphic Information Models
Proceedings of the 4th International Congress Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage (TechnoHeritage 2019), March 26-30, 2019, Sevilla, Spain

ISBN 9780367363680
Published December 12, 2019 by CRC Press
466 Pages

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Book Description

The scientific and technological advances that influence the protection of cultural heritage are developing at an ever-increasing pace. Systems to explore, research and analyse their materiality, to control the different scopes, or to represent and model them have reached an unprecedented dimension in recent decades. The Network of Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage aims to promote collaboration between the agents of these systems, in order to facilitate the sharing of experiences and to foster technology transfer, with the common goal of contributing to the conservation of Cultural Heritage.

In the context of the TechnoHeritage Network, the fourth edition of the International Congress on Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage was held March 26-30, 2019, in Seville, Spain. This Congress was an international meeting of researchers and specialists from multiple areas, whose line of work is the knowledge and conservation of Cultural Heritage. Among all the topics discussed, the role and impact of digital technologies for the knowledge, maintenance, management and dissemination of cultural heritage should be highlighted. Digital media modify the way of understanding this heritage, of perceiving it and transmitting it, and offer a new horizon of strategies to make decision-making more sustainable over time.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Organization and committees xiii

Plenary lectures

Laser remote and in situ spectroscopic diagnostics to CH surfaces 3
R. Fantoni, L. Caneve, F. Colao, M. Ferri De Collibus, M. Francucci, M. Guarneri, V. Spizzichino & O. Santorelli

Architectural heritage information in 3D geospatial models: Developing opportunities and challenges 10
F. Noardo

Development of new digital graphic instruments such as BIM, GIS and others, for knowledge, analysis, protection and conservation of Cultural Heritage

Landscape indicators overview and data model proposal for a GIS-based heritage management system 21
M. López Sánchez, A. Tejedor Cabrera & M. Linares Gómez del Pulgar

Comparison of image techniques for the detection of graffiti in the cloister of the monastery of San Millan de la Cogolla (Spain) 26
J.M. Valle Melón, Á. Rodríguez Miranda, G. Elorriaga Aguirre, J. Korro Bañuelos, M.B. Arrúe Ugarte & Á. Marchante Ortega

BIM-GIS interoperability applied to architectonic heritage: 2D and 3D digital models for the study of the ancient church of Santa Lucia in Seville (Spain). 31
E.J. Mascort-Albea, A. Jaramillo-Morilla, R. Romero-Hernández & F.M. Hidalgo-Sánchez

In search of the most efficient way to make a three-dimensional analysis of a multitude of architectural elements for a unitary project: The Moorish strip 36
J.F. Molina Rozalem

Augmented reality and gigapixel image technologies: Two case of study of Andalusian Barroc artifacts 42
M.J. González-López, B. Prado-Campos & B. Domínguez-Gómez

Key aspects regarding BIM for historical architecture. The church of San Cebrian de Mazote 47
R. Martín Talaverano, J.I. Murillo-Fragero & M.A. Utrero-Agudo

Protection of the architectural heritage in the agricultural landscapes. Application of GIS and BIM in oil mills of Ecija 54
J. Moya-Muñoz, A. González-Serrano & R. Rodríguez-García

Building a digital platform for cultural heritage decision-making in rural areas. The case of Valverde de Burguillos 59
V. Domínguez Ruiz & J. Rey-Pérez

Heritage monitoring from space: Evaluation of satellite remote sensing for the development of early warning systems 65
S. Davies, R. Cabral & M. Correia

From ink to binary: Combining GIS and 3D modelling as a method of analysis and management of an archaeological site 69
A.M. Ribeiro, A.V. Meireles & M.C. Lopes

BIM procedure for heritage construction site simulation on complex buildings: Coordination and safety management 73
C. Cioni, M. Di Sivo, M. Martino, Mª R. Chaza Chimeno & J.M. Macías-Bernal

Urban vulnerability assessment as a monitoring tool for cultural heritage preservation. Medium-sized cities in Andalusia 78
D. Navas-Carrillo, B. Del Espino Hidalgo, J.A. Rodríguez-Lora & M.T. Pérez Cano

Methodological framework to assess military rammed-earth walls. The case of Seville city ramparts 83
J. Canivell, A. Jaramillo-Morilla, E.J. Mascort-Albea & R. Romero-Hernández

Testing digital photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanners in surveying dry stone vernacular constructions 88
C. Mallafrè, A. Costa & S. Coll

GIS as a tool for effective preventive conservation: Its utility in studies of conventual outdoor spaces 94
M. Molina-Liñán, C. López-Bravo & F.J. Ostos-Prieto

Graphic instruments for visualizing hypotheses 98
D. Lengyel & C. Toulouse

Geographic information systems (GIS) and building information modeling (BIM): Tools for assessing the cultural values of mass housing neighbourhoods in medium-sized cities of Andalusia 104
D. Navas-Carrillo, J.C. Gómez de Cózar & M.T. Pérez Cano

Dynamic identification for structural analysis of Santa Ana church in Seville 109
J. Aguilar Valseca, M.T. Rodriguez-Leon, P. Pachon Garcia, E. Vazquez Vicente & V. Compan Cardiel

LOD BIM protocol for heritage interventions. Antonio Cavallini’s wall paintings case study 116
F. Balbuena Marcilla

Pilot experience of HBIM modelling on the Renaissance quadrant facade of the Cathedral of Seville to support its preventive conservation 122
R. Angulo Fornos, M.C. Román & F. Pinto Puerto

Application of BIM for the representation of the constructive evolution of the apse of the church of San Juan de los Caballeros of Jerez de la Frontera 128
J.M Guerrero Vega, G. Mora Vicente & F. Pinto Puerto

A proposal for improving the conservation of the Asturian Hórreos by using the new technologies 133
I. Martínez & J. Rivas

Geographic information systems for the study of bunkers on the north shore of the Strait of Gibraltar 138
A. Atanasio-Guisado

Virtual reconstruction and constructive process: The case studyof the dome of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane 143
M. Canciani & M. Pastor Altaba

Fusion of 3D digitization technologies for the virtual exploration of re-covered archaeological remains 150
E. Pérez, P. Merchán, M.J. Merchán & S. Salamanca

GIS methodology and SDI for risk analysis in medieval defensive earth architecture: Territorial characterization through spatial analysis, Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process 155
E. Molero Melgarejo, D. Casado & M.L. Gutiérrez-Carrillo

A pilot study of space syntax applied to historical cities. Studying Seville and Lisbon in the 16th-17th centuries 159
P. Ferreira-Lopes

Strategic control of castramental space and geospatial analysis of visual prevalence. Implementation of GIS methodologies 164
J.J. Fondevilla Aparicio

Management and sustainability of the Cultural Heritage information. Social value, policies and applications about standardization and protocols

Preventive conservation of built cultural heritage in Southwestern Europe: HeritageCare 171
M. García-Casasola Gómez, B. Castellano Bravo, B. Del Espino Hidalgo, M. López-Marcos & R. Fernández-Baca Casares

Documenting knowledge: Document management of intervention projects on immovable heritage 176
P. Acosta Ibáñez

Historical small smart city protocol for sustainable regeneration of the small historic centers: A technological planning tool for multiple scenarios 181
V. Pica, M. Cerasoli & M. Canciani

SILKNOW. Designing a thesaurus about historical silk for small and medium-sized textile museums 187
A. Léon, M. Gaitan, J. Sebastian, E. Alba Pagán & I. Insa

Software developments in hyperspectral image capturing for the automatic generation of false-colour composites 191
J.P. López, C. Vega & J.M. Menéndez

Protocol for cataloguing earthen defensive architecture from the perspective of risk 196
M.L. Gutiérrez-Carrillo, I. Bestué Cardiel, E. Molero Melgarejoo & J.J. Fondevilla Aparicio

Traceability of contemporary building culture as a key to the future heritage consideration 201
M. Pelegrin-Rodriguez

Testing the HeritageCare methodology for preventive conservation of built cultural heritage in Southwestern Europe: Case studies in Andalusia for service level 1 206
B. Castellano Bravo, A. Mayoral Moratilla, A. Bouzas Abad, J.L. Gómez Villa, B. Del Espino Hidalgo, M. López-Marcos & M. García-Casasola Gómez

Between two worlds: Colors and techniques of the mural paintings preserved in a colonial house in Chajul (El Quiche department, Guatemala) 210
M.L. Vázquez de Ágredos-Pascual, C.Vidal Lorenzo, K. Radnicka, J. Źrałka & J.L. Velásquez

Coloring materials and technical recipes in the mural paintings of the Hermitage of “Mas de Tous” (La Pobla de Vallbona, Valencia). Physicochemical and cultural study 215
E. Alba Pagán, M.L. Vázquez de Ágredos-Pascual, L. Rojo Iranzo, L. Arbolí Valls & M. Navarro Font

Social opinion of monuments vulnerability in historical cities 221
J. Benítez, A. Tirado-Hernández, R. Ortiz, M. Moreno, P. Ortiz, I. Turbay & M.A. Garrido-Vizuete

Risk Assessment and monitoring of Cultural Heritage (Pollution, Climate Change, Natural Events, Microclimate)

“Experiences” in the subterranean environment as a risk factor for cultural heritage. The case of Nerja Cave (Malaga, Spain) 227
C. Liñán, Y. del Rosal & L.E. Fernández

Two shelters under review: Preliminary results from the Roman archaeological site of Complutum 231
C. Cabello Briones & J. Barrio Martin

Integral heritage rehabilitation challenges in Southern Chile: The case of wooden cities, Valdivia 236
G. Saelzer, P. Gómez & A. Ruiz-Tagle

New technologies, products and materials for conservation and maintenance of Cultural Heritage

Artificial intelligence applied to the preventive conservation of heritage buildings 245
A.J. Prieto, R. Ortiz, J.M. Macías-Bernal, M.J. Chávez & P. Ortiz

The mechanical lamination of paper documents: A new review of the roller press and the hot vacuum press 250
L. Campins Fernández, T. Espejo Arias, M.R. Blanc García, L. Crespo Arcá & N. Gómez Hernández

Morphology virtual reconstruction Reinaissance altarpiece from Antequera (Andalusian) 255
B. Prado-Campos & A.J. Sánchez Fernández

Characterization of glass tesserae from the Mosque of Cordoba 258
A. Gomez-Moron, N. Schibille, L.C. Alves, A. Bouzas Abad, P. Ortiz, M. Vilarigues & T. Palomar

The Mudejar tower of the church “Sta. Ma de la Encarnacion”, Constantina (Seville). State of conservation and materials characterization 263
F.J. Alejandre Sánchez, F.J. Blasco López, V. Flores Alés, J.J. Martín del Río, M. Torres González & A.J. Correa

A study of the durability of the inks serving to print contemporary graphic artwork 268
B. Sánchez-Marín, D. Campillo-García, T. Espejo-Arias, A. López-Montes & M.R. Blanc García

Durability and stability study of Debitus grisailles 272
C. Machado, M. Vilarigues & T. Palomar

Removing insoluble salts from archaeological ceramics. Traditional methods under review 277
Á. Sáenz-Martínez, M. San Andrés, M. Álvarez de Buergo, I. Blasco & R. Fort

Development and optimization of an HPLC-DAD Q-TOF method for proteins identification in cultural goods 283
J. Romero Pastor, C. Imaz Villar, M. García Rodríguez, E. Parra & M. Martín Gil

Voids and masonry behind finishing mortars detected by infrared thermography and ultrasonic velocity measurements 288
R. Bustamante & R. Otero

Development of restoration mortars to improve functionality at low temperatures 293
L. Valdeón-Menéndez, A. Rojo-Álvarez, F.J. Mateos-Redondo & J. Castro Bárcena

Electrochemical and microstructural study of La-based protective coatings on metal substrates 297
A. Doménech-Carbó, J. Peña-Poza, F. Agua, M. García-Heras & M.A. Villegas

Red resins, lapis lazuli and vermilion: High symbolism luxury pigments identified in a Bifaz from the late fifteenth century preserved in the Camp del Turia (Valencia) 302
E. Alba Pagán, M.L. Vázquez de Ágredos-Pascual, M. Miquel Juan & L. Rojo Iranzo

Evaluation of silver nanoparticles effectiveness as biocide by multi-spectral imaging 307
J. Becerra, A.P. Zaderenko, I. Karapanagiotis & P. Ortiz

Study of solvents and their implication in the in-depth penetration of nanolimes in different limestones 312
J. Becerra, T. Núñez, P. Ortiz & A.P. Zaderenko

Supports used for mounting of large format photograph and digital prints. Analytical and structural characterization 317
E. Navarro, M. San Andrés, L. Castelo, R. Chércoles & J.M. de la Roja

The use of Nanorestore GelR in the cleaning treatments of easel paintings 324
C. Pernia Escobar, J.M. de la Roja & M. San Andrés

Poly-materials contemporary artworks by Sante Monachesi and Lucio Fontana: Study of materials and techniques 328
N. Macro, M. Ioele & M. Lazzari

Some applications of a novel surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-based strategy for the detection of art materials 333
M. Lazzari & D. Reggio

Non-destructive techniques applied to in situ study of Maqsura at Cordoba cathedral (Spain) 338
A. Gómez-Moron, P. Ortiz, R. Ortiz, J. Becerra, R. Gómez-Cañada, R. Radvan, A. Chelmus, L. Ratoiu, L. Ghervase, I.M. Cortea, C. Constantin & L. Angheluta

In situ study by XRF and LDV of mural paintings in Magdalena church (Seville, Spain) 343
A. Tirado-Hernández, J. Becerra, R. Ortiz, P. Ortiz, A. Gómez-Morón, L. Ghervase, I. Cortea, A. Chelmus & R. Radvan

Non-destructive techniques applied to the study and diagnosis of ceramic and glazed terracotta tombs in Omnium Sanctorum church (Seville, Spain) 348
A. Tirado-Hernández, J. Becerra, R. Ortiz, P. Ortiz, A. Gomez-Moron, L. Ghervase, I. Cortea, L. Angheluta & R. Radvan

In situ application of a consolidant on the Roman theatre of Cadiz 353
G.M.C. Gemelli, M.J. Mosquera, M. Galán, A. Pelaez, J.M. Perez & M.L.A. Gil Montero

Rain simulation device to test durability of building materials 358
M.L.A. Gil, L.A.M. Carrascosa, A. Gonzalez, M.J. Mosquera, M. Galán, A. Morgado-Estevez, J. Vilaverde-Ramallo & M. Palomo-Duarte

Evaluation of cleaning, consolidation and adhesion processes of the Portada dels Apostols 363
D. Juanes, G. Contreras, M. Domenech, L. Ferrazza & M.T. Pastor

Evaluation of the penetration depth of nano-biocide treatments by LIBS 368
J. Becerra, M.P. Mateo, G. Nicolás & P. Ortiz

Vulnerability assessment: Agents and Mechanisms of Decay (Physical, Chemical and Biological)

Modelling of the conservation state of gypsum-based plasters in the Real Alcazar of Seville 375
A. Silva, M.T. Freire, F.J. Blasco-López, F.J. Alejandre Sánchez, V.Flores Ales & A. Calero

Revealing Mariano Fortuny and Madrazo’s technologies and materials. Identification of risk factors for conservation 380
E. Parra, M. Martin Gil, M.A. García, C. Ímaz, M. Bueso, E. Galiana, A. Albar, Á. Arteaga, E. García, J.A. Herráez, D. Durán, J.V. Navarro, S. Marras, A. González, L. Llorente, G. de Osma & A. Roquero

Chemical and morphological decay in maize stem sculptures 385
A.A. Ortega-Ordaz, E. Sánchez-Rodríguez, L. Rojas-Abarca, J.E. Bojórquez-Quintal, A. Ku-González, C.I. Cruz-Cárdenas & D.I. Quintero-Balbás

Interaction of heritage pigments with volatile organic compounds (VOCs). A laboratory study 390
O. Vilanova, B. Sanchez & M.C. Canela

Vulnerability of the Tomas Terry theater (Cienfuegos, Cuba) 395
D. Abreu, B. Rodríguez, A. Cepero, P. Ortiz & R. Ortiz

Vulnerability analysis of three domes and a corridor at National Schools of Arts (Cubanacan, La Habana, Cuba) 399
B. Rodriguez, A. Cepero, D. Abreu, P. Ortiz, R. Ortiz & J. Becerra

Indicators, sustainability and vulnerability in the diagnosis of historical cities 404
J. Benítez, R. Ortiz & P. Ortiz

Interlaboratory experience to evaluate the vulnerability of churches in Seville (Spain) 409
A. Tirado-Hernández, R. Ortiz, P. Ortiz, J. Becerra, R. Radvan, A. Chelmus & L. Ratoiu

Author index 414

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Pilar Ortiz obtained a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Seville in 1999 and is a Senior Lecturer at the University Pablo de Olavide in Seville, Spain and Dean of Science Faculty. Her expertise lies in the diagnosis of cultural heritage, risk and vulnerability of cultural heritage, non-destructive techniques applied to cultural heritage, quality management, and e-learning. Dr. Ortiz leads the Cultural Heritage, Technology, and Environment research team and her professional publications appeared in more than 100 books, conference proceedings, and journals. Reviewer of high impact journals in CH and guest editor of Scanning in Diagnostics and Novel Solutions for the Protection of Built. Heritage. Her projects have been supported by the European Union, national and regional governments, and private organizations. In 2015 Dr. Ortiz received an award from EMRS for science dissemination.

Francisco Pinto, architect since 1988, he currently holds a position as Senior Lecturer in Architectonical Graphical Expression in the University of Seville. Between the years 1989 and 1999, his part-time teaching activity was combined with professional activity. In these last 20 years he has continued to participate in restoration projects through knowledge transfer university contracts.  His current research line develops multidisciplinary strategies of knowledge of architectural heritage and its application to preliminary studies and intervention, as well as management models of the processes involved in restoration and conservation of heritage buildings. These lines are linked to the research group HUM-799, ( Currently, he is Main Researcher in HAR2016-78113-R project. He has directed 18 Master's thesis and 6 doctoral theses authored by archaeologists, historians and architects and, all of them, focused in the search and experimentation of transversality in heritage architecture, archaeology and technology topics.

Philip Verhagen is assistant professor at the Faculty of Humanities, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, specialized in computer applications and quantitative methods in archaeology, with an emphasis on GIS, spatial analysis and modelling. He has held a position as post-doctoral research fellow at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (2009-2017). Before that, he has worked as a GIS specialist in contract-based archaeology with Dutch companies RAAP (1992-2005) and ACVU-HBS (2005-2008). He has been Publication Officer of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods (2011-2016), and is currently Managing Editor of the newly started Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology.

Andrés J. Prieto obtained a Ph.D. in Building Engineering from the University of Seville (Spain) in 2017. Currently, he is an Assistant Professor at the Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile. His expertise is focused on functional service life prediction of heritage buildings and materials components using fuzzy logic. His research work has been published in more than 20 conference proceedings and international journals. From 2018 Dr. Prieto is a member of the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB) - Commission: CIB-W080 Service Life Prediction of Buildings Materials and Components.