1st Edition

The Digital Transformation of Labor
Automation, the Gig Economy and Welfare




ISBN 9780367330705
Published November 26, 2019 by Routledge
344 Pages - 14 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Through a series of studies, the overarching aim of this book is to investigate if and how the digitalization/digital transformation process causes (or may cause) the autonomy of various labor functions, and its impact in creating (or stymieing) various job opportunities on the labor market. This book also seeks to illuminate what actors/groups are mostly benefited by the digitalization/digital transformation and which actors/groups that are put at risk by it.

This book takes its point of departure from a 2016 OECD report that contends that the impact digitalization has on the future of labor is ambiguous, as on the one hand it is suggested that technological change is labor-saving, but on the other hand, it is suggested that digital technologies have not created new jobs on a scale that it replaces old jobs. Another 2018 OECD report indicated that digitalization and automation as such does not pose a real risk of destroying any significant number of jobs for the foreseeable future, although tasks would by and large change significantly. This would affects welfare, as most of its revenue stems from taxation, and particularly so from the taxation on labor (directly or indirectly). For this reason, this book will set out to explore how the future technological and societal advancements impact labor conditions.

The book seeks to provide an innovative, enriching and controversial take on how various aspects of the labor market can be (and are) affected the ongoing digitalization trend in a way that is not covered by extant literature. As such, this book intends to cater to a wider readership, from a general audience and students, to specialized professionals and academics wanting to gain a deeper understanding of the possible future developments of the labor market in light of an accelerating digitalization/digital transformation of society at large.

Table of Contents

Foreword: galaxy incognito

DR. KJELL A. NORDSTRÖM

1 A journey of a thousand miles: an introduction to the digitalization of labor

ANTHONY LARSSON

PART I Practical utilization of new technologies

2 Behind the history of labor: technology as the driving force

ALEXANDER BARD, JAN SÖDERQVIST AND ANTHONY LARSSON

3 The substitution of labor: from technological feasibility to other factors influencing the potential of job automation

JOCHEM VAN DER ZANDE, KAROLINE TEIGLAND, SHAHRYAR SIRI AND ROBIN TEIGLAND

4 Minimum wages for online labor platforms? Regulating the global gig economy

ALEX J. WOOD, MARK GRAHAM AND MOHAMMAD AMIR ANWAR

5 The digital disruption of science: governments and scientists toward an “Open Science”

ANTOINE MAIRE

6 Black boxes of cognitive computers and the impact on labor markets

VICTOR ERIK BERNHARDTZ

7 AI leadership and the future of corporate governance: changing demands for board competence

FERNANDA TORRE, ROBIN TEIGLAND AND LISELOTTE ENGSTAM

PART II The role of the digital welfare state

8 Polarization, tax revenue and the welfare state: digital disruption or still standing strong?

MÅRTEN BLIX

9 Welfare states and digitalization

BENT GREVE

10 “Gig patients”: health and dental care in the gig economy

ANTHONY LARSSON AND DOMINIKA SABOLOVÁ

PART III Digital disruption of status quo

11 GDPR: what are the risks and who benefits?

ANTHONY LARSSON AND PERNILLA LILJA

12 Players for hire: games and the future of low-skill work

EDWARD CASTRONOVA

13 The global gig economy: toward a planetary labor market

MARK GRAHAM AND MOHAMMAD AMIR ANWAR

14 Identifying the digital gender divide: how digitalization may affect the future working conditions for women

ANTHONY LARSSON AND YAMIT VIITAOJA

15 Consulting in the digital era? The role of tomorrow’s management consultants

ANTHONY LARSSON, NICOLE ANDERSSON, PETER MARKOWSKI, MALIN NILSSON AND IVY MAYOR

16 Digitalization, circular economy and the future of labor: how circular economy and digital transformation can affect labor

ANTHONY LARSSON AND LINN LINDFRED

PART IV Conclusion

17 Conclusion: the digital transformation of labor – where do we go from here?

ANTHONY LARSSON

Afterword: impact of digitalization on employment and working conditions

JOHN ØVRETVEIT

Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Anthony Larsson (Ph.D.) is a researcher at the Stockholm School of Economics Institute for Research (SIR), Sweden. He holds a Ph.D. from Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. He also holds an MBA and M.Sc. degrees in political science, social anthropology, and business administration and economics respectively, as well as an associate degree in psychology.

Robin Teigland (Ph.D.) is Professor of Management of Digitalization in the Entrepreneurship and Strategy Division at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden. She is also Professor of Business Administration with a specialization in strategic information systems management at the Stockholm School of Economics in Sweden and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.

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Anthony Larsson

Postdoctoral Researcher, Karolinska Institutet
Stockholm

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