Universities have become essential players in the generation of knowledge and innovation. Through the commercialization of technology, they have developed the ability to influence regional economic growth. By examining different commercialization models this book analyses technology transfer at universities as part of a national and regional system. It provides insight as to why certain models work better than others, and reaffirms that technology transfer programs must be linked to their regional and commercial environments.
Using a global perspective on technology commercialization, this book divides the discussion between developed and developing counties according to the level of university commercialization capability. Critical cases as well as country reports examine the policies and culture of university involvement in economic development, relationships between university and industry, and the commercialization of technology first developed at universities. In addition, each chapter provides examples from specific universities in each country from a regional, national, and international comparative perspective.
This book includes articles by leading practitioners as well as researchers and will be highly relevant to all those with an interest in innovation studies, organizational studies, regional economics, higher education, public policy and business entrepreneurship.
Table of Contents
1. The Evolution of Technology Transfer 2. The Globalization of Academic Innovation 3. The American Experience in University Technology Transfer 4. Technology Transfer Paradox of Success 5. De-Reifying Technology Transfer Metrics: To Address the Stages and Phases of TTO Development 6. The Commercialization of New Drugs and Vaccines Discovered in Public Sector Research 7. The Island of Bliss? University technology Commercialization Practices in the Swiss Innovation System 8. UK University Models of Technology Transfer in a Global Economy 9. An Analysis of the Development of the Irish Technology Transfer System 10. Commercialization and Tech Transfer Policies and Intellectual Property Regimes in Canada 11. University Technology Transfer: The Case of Spain 12. University Technology Commercialization: The Case of Thailand 13. University Technology Transfer: The Globalization of Academic Innovation in Russia 14. The Role of Institutional Characteristics in Knowledge Transfer: A Comparative Analysis of Two Italian Universities 15. The Innovation law, The Creation of Technology Transfer Offices, and their Impact on the Brazilian Innovation Landscape 16. China’s University Technology Transfer System: Political Mobilization of Academy for Economic Growth 17. University system in Vietnam: some technology transfer practice 18. In University Technology Transfer One Size Does Not Fit Them All: Comparing the Biological Sciences and Information Technology 19. International comparison of technology transfer data: the devil is in the details 20. University Technology Transfer in Brazil: A Comprehensive Picture 21. The Ethos of University Technology Transfer: Aligning Transactional and Humanistic Values in a Bayh-Dole Regime 22. Technology Transfer in US Universities and Research Institutions 23. Making Sense of University Technology Commercialization: Diversity and Adaptation
Shiri M. Breznitz is Assistant Professor at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, Canada.
Henry Etzkowitz is Senior Researcher at the Human Sciences and Technologies Advanced Research Institute, Stanford University, USA , and Visiting Professor at School of Management, Birkbeck College, London University and Edinburgh University Business School, UK.