Contributions in this volume demonstrate how, across the ancient Mediterranean and over hundreds of years, women’s rituals intersected with the political, economic, cultural, or religious spheres of their communities in a way that has only recently started to gain sustained academic attention. The volume aims to tease out a number of different approaches and contexts, and to expand existing studies of women in the ancient world as well as scholarship on religious and social history.
The contributors face a famously difficult task: ancient authors rarely recorded aspects of women’s lives, including their songs, prophecies, and prayers. Many of the objects women made and used in ritual were perishable and have not survived; certain kinds of ritual objects (lowly undecorated pots, for example) tend not even to be recorded in archaeological reports. However, the broad range of contributions in this volume demonstrates the multiplicity of materials that can be used as evidence – including inscriptions, textiles, ceramics, figurative art, and written sources – and the range of methodologies that can be used, from analysis of texts, images, and material evidence to cognitive and comparative approaches.
Table of Contents
List of Figures
Notes on Contributors
Matthew P. Dillon, Esther Eidinow, and Lisa Maurizio
I. OBJECTS AND OFFERINGS
- The Forgotten Things: Women, Rituals and Community in Western Sicily (8th–6th Centuries BCE) - Meritxell Ferrer
- Materiality and Ritual Competence: Insights from Women’s Prayer Typology in Homer - Andromache Karanika
- Power through Textiles: Women as Ritual Performers in Ancient Greece - Cecilie Brøns
- Silent Mourners: Terracotta Statues and Death Rituals in Canosa - Tiziana D’Angelo and Maya Muratov
- Shared Meters and Meanings: Delphic Oracles and Women’s Lament - Lisa Maurizio
- Priestess and Polis in Euripides’ Iphigeneia in Tauris - Laura McClure
- Owners of Their Own Bodies: Women’s Magical Knowledge and Reproduction in Greek Inscriptions - Irene Salvo
- Bitter Constraint? Penelope’s Web, and "Season Due" - Laurie O’Higgins
- Women’s Ritual Competence and Domestic Dough: Celebrating the Thesmophoria, Haloa, and Dionysian Rites in Ancient Attika - Matthew P. Dillon
- Inhabiting/Subverting the Norms: Women's Ritual Agency in the Greek West - Bonnie MacLachlan
- Women’s Ritual Competence and a Self-Inscribing Prophet at Rome - J. Bert Lott
- "A Devotee and a Champion": Re-interpreting the Female "Victims" of Magic in Early Christian Texts - Esther Eidinow
II. AUTHORITY AND TRANSMISSION
III. CONTROL AND RESISTANCE
IV. DENIAL AND CONTESTATION
Matt Dillon is an Associate Professor of Classics and Ancient History in the School of Humanities, University of New England, Armidale, Australia. He has written several articles and a book on women’s religion in ancient Greece, Girls and Women in Classical Greek Religion (2002). He is interested in all ancient religions, and in Greek society.
Esther Eidinow is an Associate Professor of Ancient Greek History at the University of Nottingham, UK. She has particular interest in ancient Greek religion and magic, and her publications include Oracles, Curses, and Risk among the Ancient Greeks (2007), Luck, Fate and Fortune: Antiquity and its Legacy (2010), and Envy, Poison and Death: Women on Trial in Classical Athens (2015).
Lisa Maurizio is an Associate Professor of Classical and Medieval Studies at Bates College, Maine, USA. She is interested in interplay between gender, oral poetry, and Greek religion, and has published articles on Delphic divination as well as Classical Mythology in Context (2015).